James Paul Gee
Games, Standards, and Assessment: Staying out of the Toxic Mess, EdSurge, Aug 20, 2013
Publication year: 2013

In many of our schools today there is a very tight fit among standards, testing, and punitive accountability for teachers and schools. This has turned out to be a toxic mess leading to cheating and teaching to tests of largely rote knowledge (Kohn 2000).